Before you invest in your heavy machinery, it’s important you review used dump truck inspection tips. By utilizing these tips before purchasing a dump truck, you can ensure you’re buying a reliable dump truck that’s not beaten up or going to need repairs shortly after you make the purchase.
Below are the primary used articulated dump truck inspection tips you can follow before you buy:
The first thing you should check on the dump truck is its body. Take a slow walk around the body of the dump truck. If you notice rust, major repairs, dents or cracks on the body, you may want to reconsider before you buy.
After checking the body, inspect the dump box for wear and tear. During the dump box inspection, see if the box is made out of steel or aluminum. A steel dump box will be heavier than aluminum and is typically more durable and strong. As a result, those who plan to handle large materials or rubble may be better served by a steel box. In contrast, aluminum’s lightness means your dump truck may generate lower fuel costs, which some companies may enjoy.
Another one of the things to check before buying a used dump truck is the tires. Look over the tires to see if they’re in good condition and won’t require you to replace them anytime soon. Check the tire’s circumference for uneven wear or other signs of damage. An uneven tread can signal the truck having an alignment issue.
The cab’s condition is another element of the dump truck that needs to be inspected. Damaged seats can be uncomfortable for your drivers and may require replacement. Additionally, you can see what technological features are present in the cab. While in the cab, look at the odometer to see what the mileage is. This could factor into your decision if the mileage is too high. Finally, check to see if it has a manual or automatic transmission.
After inspecting the cab, you should also start up the truck to see if everything is in working order. Drive the truck to see if the steering has any play to it. Ensure the signals, gauges, horns and lights are all functioning properly.
Besides ensuring the dump truck is in working order, you’ll likely want to put the lifting control mechanism through its paces. With the dump truck at a stop, raise and lower the dump box. While moving the dump box, check if the lifting rods and cylinders are operating smoothly.
Before you buy, look at the hydraulic system to see if it’s working well. Inspect the hydraulic system for dents, cracks or leaks in the rods and lifting cylinders. Next, move on to the reservoir tank and pump to check if there’s any leaking fluids or other damage. After performing an inspection, operate the dump box again to ensure the hydraulic system is doing its job without anything sounding or feeling off.
When you’re deciding on things to look for when buying a used dump truck, the truck frame rails should be high on your list. While doing this inspection, take note of any bowing bends or sagging bends. A bowing bend often occurs when someone has been driving the truck with an upright and loaded box. Sagging bends indicate that the box may have been overloaded with materials. You should also look for other signs of damage or corrosion, which could affect the dump truck’s performance or appearance.
Alongside checking the frames, you can also inspect the truck’s axles. Since the lift axles are designed to support heavy loads on the dump truck, look for any structural damage that could prevent them from properly supporting heavy materials and loads. Search for any tag axles or push axles, as they help spread the load across multiple axles. Your state may have strict weight regulations that require these axles to be present, so it’s crucial you check for them.
Your dump truck’s engine size and power may be one of the most important factors in the equipment’s performance. As such, make sure to check its horsepower. Additionally, look into the engine’s track record in other dump trucks, seeing if it’s a reliable model and checking when it tends to need repairs based on its mileage. See if the engine’s model has the performance you need to accomplish tasks productively.
A reputable seller will likely have detailed records of the dump truck’s usage and any maintenance performed on it. Review the maintenance records to see if any major repairs have been conducted on the dump truck already, which could be a sign that more costly repairs are coming down the road. Look into the dump truck’s accident history to check for previous damage and how it was repaired.
The equipment’s records can help you see if the previous owner has followed standard repair procedures and performed various preventative maintenance actions. It’s also a good practice to check the oil change records. Ensure the previous owner has regularly changed the oil, as irregular oil changes could cause problems with the engine.
Owing to the fact that dump trucks are one integrated vehicle means that they are stable during tipping, even when tipping an awkward and heavy load. This also means the engine and vehicle dimensions are also designed to work together.
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